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Yangon is also home to annual the Myanmar Open golf tournament, and the Myanmar Open tennis tournament. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. Dit verbod werd in april 2004 in heel de stad ingevoerd. In the 1790s, the East India Company opened a factory in Yangon. De Internationale Luchthaven Rangoon ligt 19 km van het centrum verwijderd en is de belangrijkste toegangspoort van het land voor binnenlandse en internationale vliegreizen. While Yangon University remains the best known (its main campus is a part of popular Burmese culture e.g. Na de oorlog werd het weer eigendom van de Birmanen. Learn how to create your own. Tijdens deze kolonisatie veranderden ze het in het commerciële en politieke centrum van Brits-Myanmar. [40] The Yangon Heritage Trust, an NGO started by Thant Myint-U, aims to create heritage areas in Downtown, and attract investors to renovate buildings for commercial use.[40]. Myo-thit (lit. Due to the problems of high inflation, the lack of high denomination notes, and the fact that many of the population do not have access to checks, or credit or debit cards, it is common to see citizens carrying a considerable amount of cash. Yangon is Burma's main domestic and international hub for air, rail, and ground transportation. Aside from a few high-rise hotels and office towers, most high-rise buildings (usually 10 stories and up) are "condos" scattered across prosperous neighborhoods north of downtown such as Bahan, Dagon, Kamayut and Mayangon. 12 Bilder 10 Tipps zur geheimnisvollen Hauptstadt von Myanmar Foto: Shutterstock.com / Krunja Seit 2005 ist die Stadt Naypyidaw Myanmars Hauptstadt. [8] Dagon became an important pilgrimage pagoda town, starting in the 14th century, during the Hanthawaddy Kingdom. Militärputsch in Myanmar: Der Buddhismus in Myanmar und Gewalt im Namen der Spiritualität . [15] De voormalig Britse koloniale hoofdstad heeft de meeste gebouwen uit de koloniale periode in Zuidoost-Azië. Unlike other major Asian cities, Yangon does not have any skyscrapers. Tijdens de tweede Brits-Birmaanse oorlog nam Engeland heel Laag-Myanmar in en daarbij ook Rangoon. [74], Common facilities taken for granted elsewhere are luxury prized items in Yangon and Burma. Rangún (barmsky konec války; anglicky Rangoon), od roku 1989 přejmenován na Yankoun (barmsky a anglicky Yangon) je největší město Myanmaru (1886 až 2005 byl … In november 2005 wees de militaire overheid Naypyidaw, een geplande stad 320 km ten noorden van Rangoon, aan als de nieuwe bestuurlijke hoofdstad en verplaatste vervolgens een groot deel van de overheid naar de nieuwe stad. [7] Er bestaan niettemin nog steeds tamelijk grote gemeenschappen van Zuid-Aziaten en Chinezen in Rangoon. Yangon was under Japanese occupation (1942–45), and incurred heavy damage during World War II. Most of Yangon's larger hotels offer nightlife entertainment, geared towards tourists and the well-to-do Burmese. At least 14 light industrial zones ring Yangon,[89] directly employing over 150,000 workers in 4,300 factories in early 2010. The price of a GSM mobile phone was about K1.1 million in August 2008. Other options include karaoke bars and pub restaurants in Yangon Chinatown. During Ne Win's isolationist rule (1962–88), Yangon's infrastructure deteriorated through poor maintenance and did not keep up with its increasing population. Good availability and great rates. Its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours. De standaard tijdzone van Rangoon is UTC+6:30. A large number of Rakhine and Karen also live in the city. In 2005 werd het aantal inwoners op 4.082.000 inwoners geschat en in 2013 lag dit aantal op 5.209.541[1]. The city hosted the 1961 and 1969 South East Asian Games. All media content must first be approved by the government's media censor board, Press Scrutiny and Registration Division. [16] The British also established hospitals including Rangoon General Hospital and colleges including Rangoon University. If you have any further questions regarding our library services, please send us a mail to biblio-yangon@goethe.de. Yangon has three radio stations. Rangun mára Burma legfontosabb iparvárosává, kikötőjévé és kereskedelmi központjává vált, és a város több kulturális intézménynek is székhelye. Postleitzahlen in Myanmar besteht aus 5 Ziffern .eg: 1 1 1 8 1 die ersten beiden Ziffern stellen Division / Staat.Die dritte und vierte Ziffer repräsentieren Gemeinde.Die letzte Ziffer repräsentieren Lieferung Büro . Yangon has a tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification system. A majority of regional and state chief ministers were released on Tuesday after the military s one-day detention, a … Eleven people were killed in the attack, and one of the 162 people that were injured was a member of the LCMS mission team to Myanmar. Obwohl es die Hauptstadt von Myanmar ist, gibt keinen Flughafen. [29] De stad heeft een lang regenseizoen van mei tot en met oktober en een droogseizoen van november tot en met april. This word combination is commonly translated as 'End of Strife'. [51][52], The Yangon Urban Mass Rapid Transit is a proposed rapid transit system, due to begin construction in 2022 and be complete by 2027. 380 km nördlich der alten Hauptstadt Rangun. [73] According to official statistics, in July 2010, the country had over 400,000 internet users, with the vast majority hailing from just two cities, Yangon and Mandalay. ", "Quezon City, Yangon ink sister city deal", BBC article about British colonial architecture in Yangon, Myanmar cities with a 100,000+ population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yangon&oldid=1008932442, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2009, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Broad 49-m wide roads running west to east, Broad 30-m wide roads running south to north, Two narrow 9.1-m wide streets running south to north, Mid-size 15-m wide streets running south to north, This page was last edited on 25 February 2021, at 20:40. [104] In 2014, international schools in Yangon cost at least US$8,000 a year. Mensen trokken naar de stad, maar de stad groeide niet in omvang. Die „neue“ Hauptstadt Myanmars heißt Naypyidaw (ebenso Nay Pyi Taw geschrieben) und liegt im Landesinneren, ca. Pop culture-oriented Yangon City FM and Mandalay City FM radio stations specialize in Burmese and English pop music, entertainment programs, live celebrity interviews, etc. 23 meters above sea level. The city's streets saw bloodshed each time as protesters were gunned down by the government. Downtown Yangon's road layout follows a grid pattern, based on four types of roads: The east–west grid of central was laid out by British military engineers Fraser and Montgomerie after the Second Anglo-Burmese War. [10][11], In 1755, King Alaungpaya, the founder of the Konbaung Dynasty captured Dagon, added settlements around it, and called the enlarged town "Yangon". [19] De stad is onderverdeeld in vier districten, met daar onder in totaal 33 townships. [4] Downtown Yangon is still mainly made up of decaying colonial buildings. Each township is administered by a Township Development Committee,[48] alongside local leaders who make decisions regarding city beautification and infrastructure. Ambassador Thomas Neisinger imagecollage image Show all. [17] The city was later developed by the Public Works Department and Bengal Corps of Engineers. Ziegen vor Pagode, Hauptstadt Rangun , Myanmar , Asien, Tier, Reise, BB, DIG; P.-Nr. The well-to-do go to private clinics or hospitals like Pun Hlaing International Hospital and Bahosi Medical Clinic. YCDC also coordinates urban planning. In mei 2003 werd claxonneren er in zes townships verboden om de geluidshinder te verminderen. [56] Highway buses to other cities depart from Dagon Ayeyar Highway Bus Terminal for Irrawaddy delta region and Aung Mingala Highway Bus Terminal for other parts of the country. Colonial Yangon, with its spacious parks and lakes and mix of modern buildings and traditional wooden architecture, was known as "the garden city of the East. With over 7 million people, Yangon is Myanmar's most populous city and its most important commercial centre. Some inner city residents were forcibly relocated to new satellite towns. Hoe dan ook blijft Rangoon de grootste stad en het belangrijkste commerciële centrum van Myanmar. Auf Schildern stand „Lehnt den Militärputsch ab“ und „Gerechtigkeit für Myanmar“. In the 1990s, the military government's more open market policies attracted domestic and foreign investment, bringing a modicum of modernity to the city's infrastructure. The narrow streets are numbered; the medium and broad roads are named. YCDC bemoeit zich ook met de planologie van de stad. According to a 2007 estimate, the military government spends 0.4% of the national budget on health care, and 40% to 60% on defence. Though many historic residential and commercial buildings have been renovated throughout central Yangon, most satellite towns that ring the city continue to be profoundly impoverished and lack basic infrastructure.[7]. After the war, the British moved the capital of British Burma from Moulmein (present-day Mawlamyine) to Yangon. Although most apartment buildings were built only within the last 20 years, they look much older and rundown due to shoddy construction and lack of proper maintenance. Upload media. [25] Illegaal geïmporteerde auto's zijn goedkoper, vaak ongeveer de helft goedkoper dan legaal geïmporteerde auto's. Hlawga National Park and Allied War Memorial at the outskirts of the city are popular day-trip destinations with the well-to-do and tourists. Watching European football (mostly English Premier League with occasional La Liga, Serie A, Bundesliga) matches while sipping tea is a popular pastime among many Yangonites. Some hotels offer traditional Burmese performing arts shows complete with a traditional Burmese orchestra. Large communities of Indians/South Asian Burmese and the Chinese Burmese exist, especially in the traditional downtown neighborhoods. [96], Tourism represents a major source of foreign currency for the city although by south-east Asian standards the number of foreign visitors to Yangon has always been quite low—about 250,000 before the Saffron Revolution in September 2007. After independence cricket all but died out in the country. For example, the 100-foot (30 m) Lanmadaw Road is followed by 30-foot (9.1 m)-wide 17th and 18th streets then the medium 50-foot (15 m) Sint-Oh-Dan Road, the 30-foot 19th and 20th streets, followed by another 100-foot (30 m) wide Latha Road, followed again by the two numbered small roads 21st and 22nd streets, and so on. Einheimische, Markt, Hauptstadt Rangun (Yangon), Myanmar (Ex-Burma), Asien, Reise, B Gebaseerd op een ontwerp van Lt. Alexander Fraser, bouwden de Britten een geplande stad met een dambordpatroon op deltaland. [64][65] Ride hailing services operated by private corporations such as Uber and Grab are also available in Yangon today.[66]. Many colonial-period buildings were demolished to make way for high-rise hotels, office buildings, and shopping malls,[21] leading the city government to place about 200 notable colonial-period buildings under the Yangon City Heritage List in 1996. [23] Snelwegbussen die naar andere steden rijden, vertrekken vanaf busstations in Rangoon. ", "Educationalists concerned by Burmese literacy rate", "Yangon Division Produces More Distinction Winners", "Myanmar students choosing Australian and Singapore unis", "I see no future for my two sons in Myanmar", "Another Medical Malpractice Death in Rangoon", "Pun Hlaing International Hospital Ltd. - Healthcare Company in Yangon - InvestMyanmar.biz", "Yunnan keen to boost economic, trade ties", "Nanning and Yangon Become Sister Cities", "Myanmar, Vietnam Step Up Economic Cooperation", "Busan, Yangon, Myanmar Become Sister Cities", "Yangon, Turin to establish connectivity as sister cities", "Experience the wonders of Yangon at the Meet YANGON festival! Most Yangonites prefer watching European football on satellite TV. Adresse Format Myanmar Posts and Telecommunications No 43 Bo Aung Gyaw Street YANGON, 11181 MYANMAR Code des Bezirks Yangon boasts the largest number of colonial-era buildings in Southeast Asia,[4] and has a unique colonial-era urban core that is remarkably intact. In recent years, however, the prospect of overseas job opportunities has enticed some to study other languages: Mandarin Chinese is most popular, followed by Japanese, and French.[70]. Dit zorgt wel al voor veel files in de straten van Rangoon, omdat er nauwelijks snelwegen aanwezig zijn. Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest. It is primarily due to the heavy rainfall received during the rainy season that Yangon falls under the tropical monsoon climate category. English: Yangon is the largest city of Myanmar and its former capital. Centraal Station Rangoon is het belangrijkste kopstation van de Birmaanse Spoorwegen. Rangun (offiziell Yangon [jaŋˈgʊn], englisch Rangoon) ist eine Stadt in Myanmar und Hauptstadt des Verwaltungsbezirks Yangon-Division. Credit cards are also accepted in the major supermarket and convenience store chains. Yangon's property market is the most expensive in the country and beyond the reach of most Yangonites. However, on 17 June 2011, the YCDC announced that street vendors, who had previously been allowed to legally open shop at 3  pm, would be prohibited from selling on the streets, and permitted to sell only in their townships of residence. De stad was het centrum van grote protesten in 1974, 1988 en 2007 tegen de overheid.[13]. [59] A sports utility vehicle, imported for the equivalent of around US$50,000, goes for US$250,000. Until the mid-1990s, Yangon remained largely constrained to its traditional peninsula setting between the Bago, Yangon, and Hlaing Rivers. Most men of all ages (and some women) spend their time at tea-shops, found in any corner or street of the city. Despite their less-than-perfect conditions, the buildings remain highly sought after and most expensive in the city's property market. [23][24][25] Still, much of Yangon remains without basic municipal services such as 24-hour electricity and regular garbage collection. The city was destroyed by a fire in 1841.[13]. The most famous of all, the Shwedagon Pagoda Festival in March, attracts thousands of pilgrims from around the country. [1][55] All buses and 80% of the taxis in Yangon run on compressed natural gas (CNG), following the 2005 government decree to save money on imported petroleum. [44] West of the pagoda towards the former Hluttaw (Parliament) complex is the 130-acre (53-ha) People's Square and Park, the former parading ground on important national days when Yangon was the capital. Mit rund 5,21 Millionen Einwohnern in der eigentlichen Stadt und 5.998.000 Einwohnern in der Agglomeration (Stand Census von 2013 ) ist Rangun die größte Stadt und das industrielle Zentrum des Landes. De Karen, Chinezen en Britten maakten deel uit van de rest.[7]. [42] The code calls for elevators in buildings higher than 62 feet (19 m) or six stories, likely ushering in the era of the six-story apartment building. Public hospitals including the flagship Yangon General Hospital lack many of the basic facilities and equipment. [82][83] These matches mark the only time Burma and Rangoon Gymkhana have appeared in first-class cricket, and the only time first-class cricket has been played in Burma. [37] The former British colonial capital has the highest number of colonial period buildings in south-east Asia. [60] However, as the government has not required left hand drive (LHD) cars to accompany the right side road rules, many cars on the road are still right hand drive (RHD) made for driving on the left side. Elk township wordt bestuurd door een comité van de leiders van het township, wie beslissingen maken over de verfraaiing en infrastructuur. Het spoorwegnet wordt veel gebruikt door de lokale bevolking, met dagelijks ongeveer 150.000 verkochte kaartjes.

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